Ever wonder what holds a dome down to the ground? It’s a common question, and one that people often ask once they see the massive size of domes. A large soccer or multi-sport dome can be hundreds of feet long and several storeys high, so the force of the wind as well as the upwards force of the air inside is considerable.
The last thing anyone wants is to lose their dome, so it’s important to make sure a dome is securely fastened to the ground.
The Concrete Grade Beam
Like any large structure, a dome needs a firm foundation that is engineered to withstand the stressors acting on it and built to ensure what’s built (or attached to it) will stand securely. In the case of an air structure, this foundation is made up of a concrete grade beam.
Before a dome goes up, a concrete grade beam needs to be poured around the circumference of the entire dome site. Concrete gives the strength and stability to make sure that nothing will move once the dome is in place.
The process is quite like the pouring of a foundation for many other types of construction. The only difference is that the foundation is only required around the perimeter of the dome. Farley recommends that experienced foundation builders pour the grade beam foundation. We can provide the dimensions and specifics, but nobody knows concrete and foundations better than those who specialize in the field.
The Aluminum Profile
The next important component of a dome’s foundation is the aluminum profile. This is what attaches the dome fabric to the concrete grade beam.
During the construction of the foundation, an aluminium profile is installed directly to the grade beam before the concrete hardens. This aluminum profile, once the concrete has set, will then serve as the anchoring point for the dome around the entire circumference.
When the dome is ready to go up, the fabric is spread out and attached to the grade beam via the aluminum profile. Once secured, the dome can be inflated and every point along the foundation is inspected. Once given the OK, everyone can rest assured that the dome won’t be going anywhere!
While domes are considered a temporary or semi-permanent structure, the foundation is permanent. Many domes are seasonal, going up in the fall and coming down in the spring. The grade beam foundation, however, stays there year-round. And having the foundation built properly and securely makes it much easier to install and remove a dome depending on the season. Dome foundations are built to last!
Are you curious just how strong the foundation needs to be? While the force of the wind can be considerable, it’s not the only thing trying to lift a dome off its foundation. Check out our blog on the upwards force of the warmed air inside of a dome!
Redeemer University in Hamilton, Ontario named their soccer dome fundraising efforts, “The Field for All Seasons Campaign.” They partnered with Ron Foxcroft, a local community leader and founder and CEO of Fox 40 International. Ron Foxcroft invented the Fox 40 pealess whistle, used officially by just about every recognized sports league there is. His involvement brought immediate clout to the project and got their fundraising off to a roaring start.
The project’s cost was also offset by provincial and federal grants totalling $2.6 million. The city of Ancaster got involved by unanimously approving a $1 million interest-free loan to the school.
The Kelowna United FC headed a similar partnership with the Central Okanagan School District, which wanted to add a second dome facility to share with other sports organizations in the community. The provincial government chipped in with a $350,000 grant to help fund the joint venture.
Sell the Naming Rights to Your Dome
Big-money sports franchises often sell the naming rights to their arenas and stadiums. This has been happening since 1912 when the stadium owner for the Boston Red Sox also owned a company called “Fenway Reality.” Later, in 1926, chewing gum mogul William Wrigley named the Cubs stadium “Wrigley Field.”
While some bemoan stadium naming sponsorship, it can be a great way to help fundraise your dome!
The Chicago Fire MLS club partnered with The Private Bank for naming rights to their new dome, which features two regulation-sized soccer fields. In addition to the Chicago Fire Juniors team, the dome will be used locally by more than 250,000 people each year.
Get Corporations, Local Businesses and Individuals Involved
With the explosive growth of soccer in North America, more and more corporations are wanting to get involved in this form of sponsorship.
As you read in the above examples, pro sports teams (especially growing pro soccer franchises in North America) are great partners in soccer dome fundraising.
It doesn’t always have to be in the form of major sponsorship, either. For The Field for All Seasons Campaign (still catchy, isn’t it?) MLS Club Toronto FC donated a Jersey signed by each member of their roster. The jersey was put up for auction, which got many individuals excited and involved to donate to the project.
There are many creative ways to fundraise for your dome project. From collaborating with various levels of government, corporations, and local businesses to public and private individuals, pro sports and local sports clubs, there are many ways to get your dome off the ground!
Indoor sport facilities, whether they be air supported or brick and mortar, all have one thing in common: artificial turf.
Grass doesn’t grow inside—unless you have a very sophisticated setup—so artificial grass is the closest you can get.
Turf technology, though, has come a long way to reproducing the actual feel of real grass, so much so that many outdoor fields have opted for artificial over real grass.
But there are still differences between artificial turf and the real thing, so you’ll need to consider these before kitting yourself up for the winter indoor season. Traditional soccer cleats can do damage and without a surface that grows and repairs itself, this is an issue for any indoor sport field maintenance crew.
The shoes you wear on turf need to be gentle on the surface, but still give you the support and balance needed to compete, so here are some tips on picking out the best shoes to play your indoor sport.
1. Buy Actual Turf Shoes
This tip is pretty obvious, but a lot of players still think that their regular sneakers will do just fine on artificial turf. The reality is that actual turf shoes are designed to give you the most grip and manoeuverability on artificial turf surfaces.
Outdoor cleats shouldn’t be worn (and are likely not allowed) on artificial turf as the aggressive spikes can create holes or tears in the turf which then need to be repaired.
Turf shoes will typically have short rubber spikes, instead of cleat spikes, that are grouped closer together. These will bite into the surface and give you the traction you need, without damaging the turf.
Try out a few pairs before buying though, as too much grip can be a bad thing as well. A small amount of slide isn’t necessarily a bad thing, and depending on the sport, you might want to be able to slide around. Like for slide tackling the ball in soccer.
3. Proper fit
As with any shoe, making sure it fits properly is important for comfort and function. Make sure they fit right when you buy them and keep in mind that you won’t need to use thicker socks to keep your feet warm. Playing inside means the temperature won’t be an issue when deciding which footwear to buy and you won’t need to consider any added insulation.
4. Avoid wearing them Outside (If You Can)
While turf shoes might also work well on grass, you may want to avoid wearing them on other hard outdoor surfaces.
Being mostly rubber, you’ll likely wear out the small rubber spikes faster, making them not work as well when you’re back playing on turf.
If you’re going to be playing sports indoors this winter, don’t forget to use the proper gear. Especially if you’re competitive and want to gain an edge, having the proper shoes just might do it.
Indoor sports fields and artificial turf are a great option for playing sports during the winter, but unless you have the right equipment, you might not enjoy the experience as well as you could!
Early in the decision to build an air dome, a common question is, “Is this a good spot for a dome?” Odds are that, yes, you can build an air dome there, and yes, we’ve most likely already done it before.
Whether it be a lone bubble in the middle of an empty field, or a dome squeezed into the heart of a city, domes are remarkably adaptable. Because of the simplicity of the design, it’s actually a lot easier to get a dome into some places than to build something out of steel and bricks.
Dome in the Suburbs
Air supported structures are appealing when you’re looking to build something big. And the best place to build something big is where you have a lot of space. The problem though, is that building something large like an indoor sports complex, can be a challenge.
Big buildings typically need lots of materials, lots of time, and lots of money. This isn’t true for an air supported structure, though. Domes don’t need near as many materials to build. After the foundation is built, the fabric for an air dome takes up very little room at all. This makes them ideal for transporting long distances.
Dome in the City
Modern cities are so jam-packed that it’s hard to fit in anything new, especially when it’s something as big as an air dome. That doesn’t mean we haven’t done it, though.
Air domes work remarkably well in areas that you typically wouldn’t be able to use for very much else. For example, cities need a lot of space for the number of people that flock to them at specific times of year, so why not use that space for a temporary structure when the space isn’t needed?
Parks and sports fields in cities get plenty of use in the summer, but usually those spaces remain unused for the winter. Seasonal domes in cities make perfect sense to make use of precious space throughout the year.
The Farley Group have also squeezed domes into unique spaces that wouldn’t otherwise be used for very much. For example, on top of buildings or under bridges.
New York is one of the biggest cities in the world, so when looking for places to build indoor sport facilities, Farley air domes fit right in. We have completed rooftop installations and even a dome that sits under the Queensboro Bridge, the Roosevelt Island Racquet club.
By thinking outside the box, air supported structures can bring indoor sport to even the most crowded of spaces. And being a non-permanent structure, it leaves flexibility for any reason that you might need.
Still not sure if an air dome can work for you? Have a look through some of the other domes we’ve completed over the years, or better yet, contact us today to find out if we can provide a solution that you might not have ever thought of!
Detroit Free Press - Situated at 601 Mack Ave. in Midtown, in the city's Tolan Playfield park, the velodrome is inside a large white air dome that rises 60 feet off the ground and is visible from I-75. Ten laps roughly equal a mile on the 166-meter wooden banked track, which can only be used by purpose-built track bikes.
Only two U.S. cities have a specially designed sports venue for indoor bicycle-racing.
Next month, Detroit becomes the third.
The Lexus Velodrome is scheduled to debut Dec. 9 with a preview race around the track, which is called a velodrome. Regular public use of the venue will begin in mid January, including free fitness and training programs for youths.
Organizers' goals include forming the nation's largest minority cycling team and developing Olympic-caliber cyclists.
Situated at 601 Mack Ave. in Midtown, in the city's Tolan Playfield park, the velodrome is inside a large white air dome that rises 60 feet off the ground and is visible from I-75.
If you want to play soccer during the winter, you’re forced to play it indoors. Or are you? While indoor soccer is the best way to play a traditional game of soccer, a little bit of outdoor winter soccer is a fun way to mix up the game.
Now don’t get us wrong, as a company that specializes in creating indoor sport facilities that are perfect for soccer, we’re not saying playing outside in the snow is a good replacement. After all, the cold can be uncomfortable, not to mention the risk for slipping or hurting yourself. No, winter soccer probably isn’t the way to enjoy a traditional game, but if you’re looking for a fun way to cool down after a practice, or have a few minutes to kill before you can get inside, here are 5 tips to getting a game of winter soccer going.
Wear Your Cleats
Snow is slippery! Keep your soccer cleats on to be able to dig in and avoid slip sliding around the pitch. Soccer cleats don’t provide much insulation, though, so be aware of your toes and don’t let them get too cold!
Don’t Use a White Ball
While a white ball is great for visibility on a green field, it’ll get lost pretty quickly amongst white snow. Couple this with how reflective snow is in the sun, and you’ll have a hard time picking out the ball.
A dark coloured ball will be that much more visible to help you avoid taking an accidental header during the match.
Play on a Smaller Field
You won’t be able to build up as much speed or put as much power into your kicks, so it’s probably a good idea to reduce the size of your playing area. Half or even a quarter of a pitch is likely to be enough for a short fast paced game of snow soccer!
Limit your time Playing
Doing anything outside in sub-zero temperatures can be dangerous. Running around and getting sweaty can be especially dangerous as the sweat will make your body cool down too quickly, putting you into a danger zone for hypothermia.
To avoid this, set a short playing time that makes sense for the temperature. If it’s really cold, a 5-minute game might be all that is safe.
Know when to Move Indoors
As noted in the previous point, you’re likely going to get pretty warm fairly quickly. This means you’ll be feeling good and having fun, but always be ready to move the game back inside. While you might feel nice and warm, your extremities might be getting cold without you realizing. Frost bite in your fingers or toes are a very real danger so be ready to get back inside quickly.
Any tingling or loss of feeling is a warning sign to move that soccer game back indoors so be ready to duck back into that soccer dome!
While playing in a heated, indoor soccer facility might be the best way to play soccer in the winter, a short game in the snow can be fun as well. The thing to remember is to be careful and be outdoors in moderation. And always be ready to bring that game back into your soccer dome!
Not sure if it’s worth the investment for an air structure? If you’re mulling it over, or even just wondering why it would be a good idea, here are 5 reasons to install a bubble over your sports field.
1. Cost Effective
For price per square foot of usable space, air domes are one of the best bangs for your buck. Fewer materials and a simplified building process means that you spend a fraction of the cost of a similar size brick and mortar sports facility.
If all you need is a big indoor space to play indoor sports, you’ll be hard pressed to find a more cost-effective solution. For a quick overview of dome pricing, check out our white paper on the topic.
2. Temporary or Permanent
Once the grade beam is in place, installing or taking down an air dome can be done on an as needed basis. Many fields convert to indoor facilities for the winter, and switch back to outdoor fields for the summer.
It’s the best of both worlds.
3. Fully Customizable
Because we need to build each dome to fit the space and requirements of different locations and sports, every dome package is fully customizable. Whether it’s a dome for tennis, or it needs to cover an entire football field, The Farley Group can build it to your needs.
The dome itself can even be customized with logos, colors, signs, or advertisements. Whatever you want to see on the side of the dome, we’ve got you covered!
4. Infinite Uses
Unlike other types of construction, domes can create massive clear span spaces that aren’t obstructed by things like supporting walls or poles. This means you end up with wide open room to do anything that you could think of.
A dome covered soccer field could be used for any number of field sports like field hockey, football, lacrosse, or even dodgeball.
And you might even have some outside-the-box uses such as paintballing or a party space you can fill with games and bouncy castles. Pretty much anything you can do outside can easily translate into a dome!
5. Domes are Cool
Last but not least, one of the best reasons to build an air dome is for the wow-factor. Seeing an air dome inflate for the first time is an impressive thing and is sure to amaze even the most difficult to impress people.
Stepping inside of a dome for the first time is an experience in and of itself. With large domes, it often seems counterintuitive to see such a large indoor space.
So, if you’re unsure of whether a dome might be right for you and one of the above reasons spoke to you, feel free to drop us a line or keep researching our site. We’ve created one of the most informational air dome sites right here, so read on if you’d like to learn more.
Ultimate Frisbee is a team sport, non-contact, where you throw a flying disc known as a Frisbee to your teammates. You score points in the game by people catching the Frisbee in the opposing team’s end zone of the field. Sound simple so far?
As with any sport, beginners can feel a little overwhelmed or otherwise discouraged if they are not immediately great at playing the game. However, just like with any sport, you can improve your Ultimate Frisbee skills! Want to give this a shot? Here are six tips to get you started on improving your Ultimate Frisbee skills today:
Take More Time
In a standard game, you will have roughly ten seconds to throw the Frisbee to the next person. Many people, especially when someone is blocking or stalling them, try to throw it as quickly as possible. However, we actually think taking your time and using eight or nine seconds will help increase the number of successful throws. These extra seconds give you time to scan the field better and pick out a teammate better prepared to catch your throw.
Catch With Both Hands
Trying to catch the Frisbee with one hand increases your risk of dropping it and decreases the number of successful catches. So how can you improve your catching ability? Always try to catch the Frisbee with both hands! It makes your grip stronger and provides more opportunity to catch. The only reason you should catch the Frisbee with one hand is if you need a few extra inches to stretch and you cannot get both hands out that far.
Don’t Give Up
Many people make the mistake of thinking they have missed out on the catch if they do not get the Frisbee before it flies overhead. However, you can catch it a lot more if you never give up on the catch unless the Frisbee is on the ground. So even if it flies above you, run a little backwards to try the catch again. You will miss more catches by giving up than you will by trying to run backwards and catch it.
More often than not, when people lose their cool during a game or even just practice, their performance tends to dip in quality. So especially while you are learning, it is important to remain calm even if you make a mistake, miss a catch, et cetera when playing Ultimate Frisbee. Do not let yourself destroy your confidence! Remaining calm will help you focus better, learn from what you did wrong, and fix it the next time.
Fake A Throw
Do you have to throw immediately? No. If someone is trying to block your throw, you have the perfect opportunity to make their game a little unsteady by faking a throw! All you need to do is do everything you would leading up to the Frisbee throw, including the exact hand motion, but just do not let go. You will, of course, have to move quickly once you fake the throw, so be sure to have an idea of where you actually want to throw the Frisbee ahead of time.
Practice Makes Perfect
Of course, the best piece of advice out there when it comes to improving your Ultimate Frisbee skills is this: practice makes perfect. The more you practice playing this game, the better you will be at it.
Are you worried about how you will maintain the practice when the months get colder and an outdoor field is no longer an option? This is where a dome comes in handy, since you can practice your Ultimate Frisbee skills all year long without worrying about the weather conditions outside. You can get in as much practice as you want!
Air supported domes provide climate-controlled comfort all-year-round, allowing users to play any sport they like at any time. Of course, this means the playing surfaces have no access to rain or sunlight and, therefore, must be artificial.
However, this does not mean indoor grounds are maintenance-free. Artificial turf requires its own form of special care that also applies when it is used inside domes.
You have probably seen paths worn into parks and other areas where people and bicycles have crossed repeatedly over the same spot. Artificial turf can similarly wear if there is too much repetitive activity, such as training drills where the participant is running back and forth on the field. Proper planning and scheduling ensures these drills do not always take place in the same area of the dome.
2. Regular Inspections
A worn or uneven playing surface can negatively impact almost any kind of sport, so artificial turf requires regular inspections to maintain the integrity and safety of the playing field. Such close observation of the surface can also detect any potential problems before they reach a point where the users’ enjoyment suffers.
While there is no need to worry about leaves, sticks, or other debris, indoor turf still requires periodic cleaning and grooming to maintain a clean, flat surface free of obstructions. Mother Nature cleanses outdoor fields with rain; indoor surfaces need human attention to deal with things that should not be there. Good old-fashioned soap and water will remove things such as soda and coffee stains, alcohol, chocolate, ice cream, and paint. Cleaning solvents can usually handle any tougher stains that remain.
If chewing gum is ground into the surface, it is not just a matter of removing “grass” — those areas require special attention. Freon aerosol spray will help loosen the gum, which then becomes easy to remove without causing damage.
Unlike its outdoor counterpart, it is important to remove stray organic matter from indoor turf to prevent moss growth.
Artificial grass is shipped in large, heavy rolls that cause the turf to become flattened out. Grooming, in this case, does not involve mowing, but rather going over the surface with a power broom. This helps make the turf look robust and like natural grass. During the course of regular use, the turf can again become flat, requiring occasional extra passes with the broom.
There is also equipment available that adds rakes (for leveling the infill) and rotating tines (for aerating, which loosens the infill), providing the best all-around maintenance routine. The amount of times these operations occur each year varies according to manufacturer recommendation. Using a handheld spring-tine rake on the surface can also help level the infill material.
Grooming that takes place at the start of the season often occurs before the bubble goes up simply because it allows the groundskeepers a bit more room to do their job.
Cleaning is also important for health reasons. While certain microbes decompose without issue on real grass, the same does not occur on artificial turf. Commercial cleaners for this purpose are available, though a bleach mixture can also be just as effective. Apply either of these options using a pressurized spray.
The Role of a General Contractor or Construction Manager in a Dome Project
Wondering why you’ll need a contractor for your dome project?
If you’re in the early stages of planning the construction of a dome, the process is no different from a traditional construction project. Even though domes go up faster and cost less than most structures, they still require careful planning, precise work, and proper permitting, like any real estate development project. For these tasks, an experienced contractor simply cannot be replaced.
When it comes to building a dome, The Farley Group works closely with your local general contractor or construction manager to get the job done as efficiently as possible. These professionals typically oversee all aspects of construction, and often take the lead on the planning and permitting phases as well.
Hiring a general contractor or construction manager, we know from experience, is the best way to accomplish the site work efficiently. Each project involves numerous steps and specialized work. It’s more than most of our customers can take on themselves, especially without prior construction experience. The task of coordinating the various sub-contractors is always best left to an experienced, professional general contractor.
Here are some of the responsibilities of a contractor in the dome construction process:
Approvals and Permitting
Contractors help get the project off the ground. They lend their experience working under your local by-laws and building codes to help you plan the project, sort out zoning issues, and obtain the necessary building permits. Once these issues are dealt with, the site preparation and construction can begin.
Contractors are also needed to coordinate other local professionals that you’ll need for your project, like architects and engineers. Each municipality has their own unique process, and having the right team of professionals will keep your schedule on track during the planning and permitting phase.
Towards the end of construction, these professionals, including your contractor, also coordinate with the local building authority for required inspections and final approvals for occupancy of your facility.
You need more than an empty space to build a dome. Before construction begins, your contractor will handle the excavation and balancing of the building site, along with any site remediation necessary to ensure the land is safe to build on.
Once all permits and approvals are in place, construction on site can begin. Your general contractor or construction manager will oversee all site work, including the concrete grade beam anchoring system for the dome, the sub-base for the interior surface, and the concrete pads for the dome’s entry/exit points and mechanical equipment.
Our domes use complex mechanical systems to maintain a comfortable climate and adequate air pressure inside the structure. Contractors work with skilled subcontractors to ensure safe and reliable electrical service and distribution (including wiring for the dome’s mechanical controls), gas service and plumbing, and the final connections to energize the dome’s mechanical and lighting systems.
Contractors also handle the peripheral infrastructure for sewer and storm water management, and the installation of the parking lot and parking lot lighting. And, of course, if your facility plans also include a clubhouse building, your contractor will oversee its construction as well.
Why Use a General Contractor and/or a Construction Manager?
There’s a lot more to building an air-supported dome than simply putting it in place and inflating it with air. When you look at all the steps involved, it’s clear why we partner with experienced professionals. Constructing a dome, especially with large fieldhouse facilities, is a real development project.
Throughout the process, The Farley Group is here to help along the way. We collaborate with everyone involved in the project to ensure all parties are on the same page to build exactly what you’re looking for.